Thind Cosmetic Laser Centre, India
Title: Incidence of Opacities in Bacterial Corneal Ulcer Patients
Biography: Akbar Ali Thind
The aim and objective of the study to examine the incidence of opacities in bacterial corneal ulcer patients to isolate, identify and characterized pathogenic bacteria responsible for causing corneal ulcers. Antibiotic resistance/susceptibility of pathogenic bacteria was also investigated. Patients belonging to different age groups, sex and professions were examined for the presence of cornea ulcers in different seasons. After getting written consent of the patients a standardized performa was developed for recording history of the patients.
It was found that out of 110 patients, 72 patients were positive for corneal ulcer (65.45%), corneal opacity was observed in 16.66% cases of corneal ulcer. Further the study revealed 61.12% cases of trauma and 38.88 % cases of corneal injury. The study revealed 75% opacities which were unilateral and 25 % were bilateral. It has been observed the incidence of opacities increase with age. In general sufferers belonged to the lower economic strata. Further it was found most of the patients belonged to the rural areas.
The maximum corneal opacities were found in case of macular, opacities, central, peripheral opacities and half or more of cornea (16.66%). As results summarized, the minimum corneal opacities were found in case of nebular, leucomatious, adherent leucoma and anterior staphyloma. The etiological factors responsible for corneal ulcer are trauma, injury with any cases. In total 65.45% cases showed 61.12% corneal trauma. Trauma was more in region where agriculture work and industries were common. It was noticed that 60% people did not protect their eyes at the time of injury. It was found that superficial corneal trauma during agricultural work and industrial work often lead to progressing corneal ulceration and visual loss. Corneal trauma was the major cause of corneal ulcers. Among industrial workers corneal injury was mostly caused by iron particles, saw dust and paddy straw etc.